The second part of the Eleventh Five Year special

2022-08-02
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The "Eleventh Five Year Plan" for upgrading traditional industries through information technology transformation (II)

through management informatization, enterprises have improved management efficiency, reduced operating costs and enhanced their comprehensive competitive strength. A number of successful examples of information technology applications have emerged, such as Lenovo, Haier, star and FAW. The management informatization of small and medium-sized enterprises has developed rapidly. Some industries and regions have established a common information technology service platform for small and medium-sized enterprises; E-commerce is developing rapidly. On the basis of management informatization, some large enterprises actively carry out network marketing, purchasing and supply chain management. The B2B e-commerce transaction volume of household appliances, medicine, chemical industry, clothing, automobile and other industries has increased rapidly, which has brought significant benefits to enterprises. Large enterprises reduce operating costs and shorten the transaction cycle through e-commerce. Some small and medium-sized enterprises have also expanded their market scope through e-commerce and realized international trade. 3. Since the tenth five year plan, China's electronic information industry has continued to maintain rapid development. At present, the industrial scale has ranked among the top in the world, and the industrial structure has been continuously improved. Great breakthroughs have been made in the R & D and industrialization of important products related to the transformation of traditional industries. New breakthroughs have been made in Godson series chips, linux software and other products with independent intellectual property rights; The R & D of communication system equipment has made a group breakthrough; The R & D and production capacity of large-scale integrated circuits has quickly entered the international mainstream level. With the rapid development of the information industry, its supporting role in the transformation of traditional industries has been continuously enhanced

the state has issued guidelines and policies to support the development of industrial application software industry and promote the interaction and integration of information industry and traditional industry, organized and carried out pilot work of industrial application software industrialization, and promoted the traditional industrial application software department to become an independent software business entity. Over the past five years, a number of information technology enterprises with considerable competitiveness in the domestic traditional industry transformation market have emerged, including Baoxin software, FAW Qiming, XJ, Hollysys, Zhejiang University central control, Guodian Nari, Huazhong CNC, among which XJ Group ranks 36th among the top 100 electronic enterprises in 2006

the market share of domestic electronic information products in the traditional industrial transformation market has increased year by year. At present, the market share of domestic CAD software with independent copyright has reached more than 90%. Major breakthroughs have been made in the localization research of Fieldbus (FCS) and distributed control system (DCS). The sales revenue of domestic control system has been close to 30% of the total market value, and the number of projects has been close to 50%. The growth rate of market share is also about 60% and 70%. Most of the provincial power dispatching centers (except Taiwan, Hong Kong and Macao) in China actively adopt domestic systems in the upgrading, and 98% of the new local and county dispatching systems apply domestic automation systems. Domestic electronic information products have the characteristics of high cost performance and conform to the actual situation of Chinese enterprises, and are generally welcomed by enterprises. However, the situation that China's traditional industrial transformation is restricted by people has not been fundamentally changed. In many fields, such as high-end CNC machine tools, automotive electronic products, programmable controllers, etc., China still relies heavily on imports. The development of the electronic information industry can not fully meet the requirements of traditional industrial transformation

4. The national electronic information system promotion office has formulated and issued the guiding opinions on strengthening the application of information technology and serving the transformation of traditional industries. The electronic information industry development fund has increased its support for the promotion and application of information technology, organized 2545 doubling plan projects for the promotion and application of information technology, and promoted social investment of more than 62.57 billion yuan, It has effectively promoted the application of information technology in various traditional industries. We will carry out demonstration work for industry information technology application and promotion service institutions, support a number of software and system integration enterprises, and promote them to become industry information technology application public service institutions, so as to solve a large number of common problems existing in the informatization construction of small and medium-sized enterprises, actively carry out training in the application of software and information technology, strengthen the continuing education of social on-the-job personnel, and effectively provide intellectual and talent support for the promotion and application of information technology

there are still some problems in upgrading China's traditional industries through information technology transformation: the application level of information technology in China's traditional industries is uneven, and the application level of information technology in most industries and enterprises is still not high, especially in the production process; High end technologies and products are excessively dependent on foreign countries, and the secondary development ability of equipment and systems is poor; The overall level of management informatization is not high, and the modern management system and management process based on information infrastructure have not been realized in most enterprises; The overall level of development and utilization of information resources is not high; The integration of e-commerce and enterprise management informatization is not enough, and the network-based informatization cooperation environment is not mature; There is a lack of compound talents urgently needed in the transformation of traditional industries; The government departments lack effective coordination and cooperation. The application of information technology and the construction of informatization laws and regulations need to be further improved. The electronic universal testing machine can solve the bottleneck of after-sales service

II. Situation faced

(I) market analysis on the application of information technology in traditional industries during the Tenth Five Year Plan period, China's traditional industries generally increased investment in information transformation. Based on the above reasons, enterprises' demand for information technology application showed a diversified and personalized development trend. Including industry application software, embedded software, control system and the promotion and application of information technology in various industries have brought a broad market for applied electronic products. At present, the software used in traditional industries has accounted for more than 30% of the total software market, the market scale of control equipment and systems has reached more than 100billion yuan, and the market scale of machine tool electronics, automotive electronics, transportation electronics and other applied electronic products is also growing year by year. During the Eleventh Five Year Plan period, although the national macro-control will continue to increase, the investment in information technology transformation in traditional industries will also increase significantly

the petroleum and chemical industry will focus on improving production efficiency and developing circular economy. Focusing on chemical fertilizer, ethylene, caustic soda, calcium carbide, pesticides and coatings, through strengthening the comprehensive utilization of resources, optimizing the industrial structure, promoting industrial upgrading, and actively promoting cleaner production, the goal is to initially enter the track of circular economy by 2010. By 2010, the oil refining industry will increase crude oil processing capacity by more than 90 million tons, and eliminate inefficient oil refining capacity by about 20million tons; Ethylene industry accelerates industrial structure adjustment. The average scale of the enterprise has increased to 580000 tons, and the main technical and economic indicators have reached the international level. Martin klocke, the lightweight design specialist of LANXESS during the 11th Five Year Plan period, said: "This utilization highlights the great potential of hybrid technology and continuously reinforced fiber polyamide materials to reduce the weight of structural parts. The state will focus on developing 5-8 sets of large-scale complete chemical equipment. By 2010, the overall technical level of the chemical industry will strive to reach the international advanced level at the beginning of this century. In 2005, the information technology investment in the petrochemical industry was about 6.9 billion yuan, and the investment in the next five years will reach billion yuan.

power industry, phase 11 of the eleventh five year plan It is estimated that the power will be put into operation at about 165million kW. State Grid Corporation of China will add 60000 kilometers of 330kV and above transmission lines, 300million KVA transformation capacity, and invest about 900billion yuan; Energy saving and consumption reduction will also become the main task of power industry transformation during the Eleventh Five Year Plan period. The average standard coal consumption for power supply of thermal power units is lower than 336 g/kWh, 25 g/kWh lower than that in 2005; Fuel consumption is 25% lower than that in 2005. In the next five years, the information technology investment related to the power plant will mainly focus on the new power generation equipment control system, alternative energy power generation system, management information system and pollution prevention information system. The corresponding market space in the aspects of power management mobilization automation, substation and protection automation, distribution automation, metering and billing automation, and power market informatization is about 50billion yuan per year

the iron and steel industry will focus on improving product quality and reducing energy and raw material consumption in the eleventh five year plan. By 2010, the excellent rate of China's iron and steel products has increased significantly, and most products basically meet the development needs of most industries of the national economy. Establish a recycling iron and steel plant. Iron and steel enterprises focus on the recovery of waste heat and energy for power generation. Iron and steel complex enterprises with a scale of more than 5million tons should strive to achieve self supply and external supply. In 2010, it was reduced to 0.73 tons of standard coal, 0.685 tons of standard coal and less than 8 tons; In 2020, it will be reduced to 0.7 tons of standard coal, 0.64 tons of standard coal and less than 6 tons. It is estimated that during the 11th Five Year Plan period, the investment in information technology in the iron and steel industry will consist of two parts, one is the investment in automation and informatization of new projects, and the other is the technical transformation of existing production capacity. The total amount of these two items is about 25billion yuan

the light industry will focus on accelerating technological innovation and promoting new product development. During the 11th Five Year Plan period, it is estimated that the annual investment in new light industrial equipment in the light industry will reach 50billion yuan, of which the investment in information technology accounts for about 40%. The application market space of information technology is huge

the textile industry will have a production capacity of 24million tons of chemical fiber and 18.5 million tons of yarn by 2010. The power consumption per ton of fiber is 10% lower than that in 2005, and the labor productivity reaches 85000 yuan/person? During the 11th Five Year Plan period, it is estimated that the total investment in new equipment in the textile industry will reach 70billion yuan each year, of which the investment in information technology is about 28billion yuan

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